Failure of thiopental to modify global anoxic injury.
To corroborate thiopental protection from cerebral anoxia after cardiopulmonary arrest, 23 sedated, curarized, adult dogs were asphyxiated by plugging the endotracheal tube. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was started 7 minutes after electrocortical silence. Twelve animals received no other treatment (controls), 10 regained consciousness and spontaneous respirations, but remained decerebrate, blind, unable to drink or feed. Two dogs returned to a normal neurologic state. Ten dogs were treated with thiopental after CPR, 7 received 15 mg/kg the first minute, followed by 23 mg/kg over 1 hour; 3 received 60 mg/kg in the first 3 minutes, followed by 30 mg/kg over 1 hour. Except for 1 dog in the low-dose group that recovered neurologically, thiopental-treated dogs showed no neurological or survival improvement over the controls.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association