Brain edema during ischemia and after restoration of blood flow. Measurement of water, sodium, potassium content and plasma protein permeability.
The left cerebral hemisphere of Mongolian gerbils was used to elucidate the mechanisms of brain edema which develop during cerebral ischemia and after restoration of cerebral blood flow following temporary ischemia. Water content was measured by the tissue-drying method. Sodium and potssium ion concentration was measured by flame photometry. Passage of 131I-albumin (RISA) from blood to the cerebral parenchyma was measured on a gamma scintillation counter. Our findings indicate that pure cytotoxic edema develops during ischemia and during a short period after restoration of cerebral blood flow. Vasogenic edema, which is accelerated by the leakage of plasma constitutents from blood due to blood-brain barrier damage, developed after restoration of the cerebral blood flow. After less than 1 hr of ischemia, restoration of the cerebral blood flow drastically reduced the degree of brain edema. However, restoration of the cerebral blood flow greatly worsened the brain edema following more than 3 hr of ischemia.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association