Anticoagulant vs anti-platelet therapy as prophylactic against cerebral infarction in transient ischemic attacks.
156 patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIA) or reversible ischemic neurological deficit (RIND) were given prophylactic anticoagulant (AC) treatment against cerebral infarction in a prospective multicenter study from 5 hospitals in southern Sweden. After 2 months of AC treatment, 135 patients remained in the study and were randomized into 2 groups; one continued with AC treatment and one changed to anti-platelet therapy. The patients were followed for 12 months. No significant difference was seen between the 2 groups but 3 completed cerebral infarctions occurred during anti-platelet therapy against one during AC treatment. One cerebral hemorrhage was seen during AC treatment. All completed strokes occurred in men who initially had carotid symptoms. The number of patients with TIA/RIND was somewhat higher in the anti-platelet group whereas myocardial infarctions occurred more often during AC treatment. Compared to the natural history of untreated TIA/RIND both treatments were found to have a prophylactic effect against cerebral infarction.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association