Effects of hypercapnia on enhancement of decreased perfusion flow in non-infarcted brain tissues.
The effects of hypercapnia on enhancement of reduced cerebral perfusion were re-evaluated in areas of ischemia produced by occlusion of the canine middle cerebral artery. Perfusion was measured by 85Kr (beta-ray) and 133Xe (gamma-ray) clearances, fluorescein angiography and diameter measurement of arteries. Between 45 and 55 mm Hg of PaCO2 rCBF measured with both isotopes increased significantly. When PaCO2 was elevated above 55 mm Hg, there was a remarkable dissociation in the rCBF measured by both isotopes. Cortical blood flow measured by 85Kr clearance decreased and, conversely, rCBF measured by 133Xe continued to increase. Arteries of less than 50 mu in diameter in areas of ischemia dilated significantly during hypercapnia. At PaCO2 above 65 mm Hg, progressive sub-pial hemorrhage and extravasation of dye were observed as side effects of hypercapnia. The use of mannitol combined with hypercapnia appeared to be harmful. A PaCO2 level between 45 and 55 mm Hg increases perfusion in areas of mildly reduced rCBF.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association