Mapping local blood flow of human brain by CT scanning during stable xenon inhalation.
Non-invasive methods are described for estimating local cerebral blood flows (LCBF) and partition coefficients (L lambda) during inhalation of 35% stable xenon gas (Xes) in oxygen during CT scanning. After denitrogenation by 100% oxygen breathing, 35% Xes is breathed for 7-8 minutes to minimize subanesthetic effects. Mean changes in brain Hounsfield units extrapolated to 15 minutes were 7.7 units for white matter and 5.3 units for gray matter. They were measured from volumes 80 cubic mm (10 mm2 area x 8 mm), or larger with an EMI 1010 scanner at 1 minute intervals. These data were used for computing LCBFs and L lambdas. Irradiation measured at the center of brain slices was 1 rad per minute. To calculate L lambdas about 6 exposures are necessary, thereafter, each 1 minute scan provides LCBF measurements for 2 adjacent 8 mm slices. Reproducibility for LCBF was r = 0.85 (P less 0.001). Mean L lambdas were 0.86 +/- 0.08 for gray and 1.34 +/- 0.10 for white matter. Normative mean flows (mls/100 g brain/min) were: basal ganglia = 79.6 +/- 9.3, cortex = 82.3 +/- 8.5, white matter = 29.2 +/- 5.9, midbrain tegmentum = 94.3 +/- 14.8, cerebellar cortex = 80.1 +/- 10.9, dorsal pons = 89.3 +/- 4.7, brachium pontis = 35.0 +/- 4.2. Subject finger exercises produced increases of LCBF in contralateral pre-central and post-central gyri. Eye closure decreased flow values limited to the visual system. Gray matter flow values diffusely decreased in non-REM sleep but increased above normal in REM sleep. Cerebral infarction and hemorrhage resulted in zones of zero flow with borders having reduced lambdas and low flows attributed to edema.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association