Pattern difference of reversed ophthalmic blood flow between occlusion and stenosis of the internal carotid artery. An ultrasonic Doppler study.
Reversed ophthalmic blood flow in the occlusions (33 patients) and stenoses (11 patients) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) was examined using the ultrasonic Doppler technique. The Doppler shift frequencies of the blood flow signal were analyzed to obtain their sound spectrogram. In stenosis of the ICA, "presystolic notch" was more frequently observed and "d/S" value (S, d; maximum blood flow velocity at systolic and diastolic) was smaller than in occlusion. These two characteristics of stenosis distinguish it from occlusion with 89% accuracy although this method is applicable only for the patients with reversed ophthalmic blood flow.
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