Effects of hyperventilation on cerebral blood flow and brain tissue metabolism in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Cerebral vascular carbon dioxide (CO2) reactivities were compared in normotensive (NTR) and hypertensive (SHR) rats. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) in cortex and thalamus were evaluated before and during one hour of hyperventilation. After one hour of hyperventilation brain lactate, pyruvate, and ATP concentrations were also determined. Significant and similar reductions of CBF due to hyperventilation induce hypocapnia were found in both NTR and SHR groups. In contrast the percent increase in cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) per unit decrease in paCO2 was significant, indicating that hypocapnia induced vasoconstriction is greater in NTR than in SHR groups. During hyperventilation the average value for lactate in the NTR group was 3.98 mM/kg. In contrast it was 3.15 mM/kg in the SHR group, a significant difference (p less than 0.05). When paCO2 fell below 15 mm Hg the cerebral lactate increased strikingly in the NTR group and cortical CVR was reduced suggesting that an accumulation of the ischemic metabolites caused dilatation of the constricted cerebral vessels. In contrast the SHR group disclosed no such changes. The increase CVR characteristic of SHR appeared to diminish the cerebral vasoconstrictive response to hypocapnia. As a result ischemic metabolites in the brain do not increase in this group to the degree that they do in NTR.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association