Fusiform basilar aneurysm as a cause of embolic stroke.
Giant fusiform basilar aneurysms (dolicho-ectatic basilar anomalies) are rare and have not previously been reported to cause embolic infarction in territory distal to the aneurysm. They most commonly present as posterior fossa mass lesions with brainstem compression and cranial neuropathies. Originally considered atherosclerotic in etiology, recent authors feel that they may represent a unique arteriopathy characterized by loss of elastin in the vessel wall. We report a case which presented solely as an occipital lobe infarction. To our knowledge, this is the first case in which a fusiform basilar aneurysm presented with an embolic infarction as its only manifestation.
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