Transtentorial diaschisis: reduction of cerebellar blood flow caused by supratentorial local cerebral ischemia in the gerbil.
To assess the effect of supratentorial cerebral ischemia on infratentorial brain function, changes in regional cerebellar blood flow (rCeBF), after right carotid occlusion for 4 hours, were studied in 30 mongolian gerbils. The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the occluded cerebral hemisphere and rCeBF in both cerebellar hemispheres were measured simultaneously by hydrogen clearance methods. Before carotid occlusion, rCBF was 0.44 +/- 0.07 ml/g brain/min, and rCeBF in the left and right cerebellar hemispheres was 0.37 +/- 0.09 and 0.40 +/- 0.09 ml/g brain/min, respectively. After carotid occlusion, rCBF decreased in all animals showing levels of above 0.20 ml/g brain/min in 14 (group A), between 0.10 and 0.19 ml/g brain/min in 7 (group B) and below 0.10 ml/g brain/min in 9 (group C). rCeBF exhibited no changes in group A and a mild reduction in group B after carotid occlusion. In group C, rCeBF was significantly reduced 30 min after carotid occlusion in the left cerebellar hemisphere followed subsequently by bilateral reduction. In groups B and C, supratentorial brain edema was observed 4 hours after occlusion, but the degree of edema was moderate. The results of the present study suggest that depression of infratentorial brain function may occur after supratentorial local cerebral ischemia, presumably due to diaschisis.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association