CSF enzymes in lacunar and cortical stroke.
Cerebrospinal fluid enzyme levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were studied in 40 acute stroke patients comprising 20 lacunar strokes and 20 cortical strokes. A marked elevation of at least one of the enzymes CK, GOT or LDH was seen in 80% of cases of cortical strokes. No elevation was seen in lacunar stroke with CK, GOT or ACE and only a slight elevation with LDH. Within the cortical group, there was a correlation between the site, size of infarction seen on CT scan and enzyme level. These findings may help to explain the previously noted unpredictability of rises in CSF enzymes in stroke patients. In certain instances, a study of CSF enzymes may be of use to distinguish cortical from lacunar stroke. A precise diagnosis of lacunar infarction is important for management purposes, entry into stroke treatment trials or description of new syndrome types.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association