Cerebrovascular diseases and their underlying vascular lesions in Hisayama, Japan--a pathological study of autopsy cases.
Frequency of cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and their underlying vascular lesions were analyzed in 724 autopsy cases, aged 40 years and over, in the community of Hisayama, Japan during the period 1961 to 1981. Cerebral infarction (CI) was more frequently found at autopsy than cerebral hemorrhage (CH) with a ratio of infarction and hemorrhage of 4.4. Small CI occupied 75.7% of the cases with CI. The cases with any type of CVD showed more severe atherosclerosis of the major cerebral arteries than did those without CI or CH. Cerebral atherosclerosis of those with large and medium CI was the greatest, and with decreasing severity in those with small CI and with CH sequentially. Fibrinoid necrosis of the intracerebral small arteries was frequently found in cases with hypertension and particularly associated with CH. The decline in frequency of CH was confirmed; however, changes in frequency of CI were not evident. Fibrinoid necrosis was also reduced, although the severity of cerebral atherosclerosis showed no definite change. The decline of CH seemed to be ascribed to the reduction of fibrinoid necrosis of the intracerebral small arteries.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association