The role of adenosine in CBF increases during hypoxia in young vs aged rats.
The role of adenosine in the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) response to hypoxia was evaluated in young (6 month) and aged (26-28 month) F344 rats using theophylline, an adenosine antagonist. Regional CBF was measured with radioactive microspheres under control anesthetized conditions (70% N2O, 30% O2) and at two levels of hypoxia (CaO2 = 8.7-9.0 ml . 100ml-1 and 3.2-3.7 ml . 100ml-1). Without theophylline infusion, CBF increases were similar between young and aged rats during moderate hypoxia but were increased more in young during severe hypoxia. Intracerebrovascular theophylline infusion significantly attenuated the increase in CBF during both moderate and severe hypoxia and decreased the difference between young and aged rats. Theophylline infusion produced no significant effect on the increase in CBF produced by hypercapnia, indicating the specificity of the treatment for hypoxic induced CBF changes and adenosine release. Intracerebrovascular infusion of adenosine had no effect on CBF, presumably due to the presence of the blood brain barrier. The results suggest that adenosine plays a major role in CBF increases during both moderate and severe hypoxia and in the difference in response to hypoxia between young and aged rats.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association