Role of intrinsic arachidonate metabolites in the vascular action of erythrocyte breakdown products.
In helically-cut strips of dog basilar and mesenteric arteries, the isometric tension developed by application of ghost-free hemolysate from dog erythrocytes was recorded. The hemolysate contracted basilar arteries in a concentration-dependent fashion, the response being attenuated by treatment with either aspirin or polyphloretin phosphate, a prostaglandin antagonist. Mesenteric arteries were contracted only slightly by high concentrations of hemolysate. When the mesenteric arteries had partially been contracted with prostaglandin F2 alpha or norepinephrine, the hemolysate induced relaxations, which were abolished by aspirin in approximately half the preparations used. Studies on rat stomach strips exposed to superfusate of dog cerebral arteries showed a release of prostaglandin-like substance by the hemolysate application. It may be concluded that the hemolysate contracts basilar arteries and relaxes mesenteric arteries, mainly through prostaglandins synthesized in and released from the vascular wall. Such a mechanism may be involved in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm following a subarachnoid hemorrhage.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association