Eicosapentaenoic acid: effect on brain prostaglandins, cerebral blood flow and edema in ischemic gerbils.
Eicosapentaenoic acid prevents platelet aggregation and inhibits arachidonate conversion into thromboxane A2 and prostaglandins. Consequently eicosapentaenoic acid might protect the brain from the ischemia that follows cerebral arterial occlusion. We studied the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid on cerebral ischemia in anesthetized gerbils. Ischemia was produced by bilateral carotid occlusion for 10 min, followed by reperfusion for 60 min, in gerbils fed either a standard diet (control) or a diet supplemented with menhaden fish oil for 2 months. The menhaden fish oil contained 17 mole % eicosapentaenoic acid. Regional cerebral blood flow was measured by the hydrogen clearance method and brain water by the specific gravity technique. In control animals cerebral blood flow was decreased 30 and 60 min after reperfusion (p less than .001) and brain water was increased (p less than .001). In the experimental group cerebral blood flow did not fall during reperfusion and edema did not appear. Brain prostaglandins and thromboxane were measured by radioimmunoassay. PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto PGF1 alpha and TXB2 increased after severe ischemia and reperfusion. The synthesis of brain diene prostaglandins was not altered by eicosapentaenoic acid. Our study indicates that eicosapentaenoic acid prevented post-ischemic cerebral edema and hypoperfusion, without affecting the levels of brain diene prostaglandin and thromboxane.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association