Protective action by methylprednisolone, allopurinol and indomethacin against stroke-induced damage to adenylate cyclase in gerbil cerebral cortex.
Adenylate cyclase activity was investigated in either homogenate or particulate fractions from the frontal cerebral cortex of the gerbil following five experimental conditions of bilateral ischemia. After periods of 15 min ischemia, 15 min ischemia plus 15 min of recirculation or 60 min ischemia the enzyme generally displayed enhanced responses to GTP, norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), NE + GTP and DA + GTP. Pretreatment of the gerbils with methylprednisolone, allopurinol or indomethacin did not significantly influence the outcome of these findings. When the animals were subjected to 60 min ischemia plus 15 min of reflow, enzyme responses to the stimulatory agents including forskolin and NaF were all reduced. Pretreatment with methylprednisolone, allopurinol or indomethacin prevented the damage to adenylate cyclase in the 60 min ischemia plus 15 min reflow animals. When animals were made ischemic for 15 min followed by one week of recovery, enzyme sensitivity to GTP, calmodulin-Ca++, NE, combinations thereof and forskolin were reduced in only the particulate fractions. Enzyme damage was reversed following methylprednisolone. Enzyme damage may result from generation of free radicals during reflow and drugs that either inhibit synthesis pathways generating free radicals, stabilize cell membranes or act as free radical scavengers may be therapeutically beneficial under specific conditions of stroke.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association