A randomized trial of team care following stroke.
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine the effects of interdisciplinary team care on acute hospitalized stroke patients. After obtaining baseline information on 42 stroke victims receiving conventional care in a general hospital, 130 stroke patients were stratified and randomly assigned either to Traditional or Team care. Assessments by independent evaluators permitted comparisons between Team and Traditional groups with reference to patient survival, motor performance and functional abilities. Data obtained prospectively from charts and treatment logs allowed the care process across groups to be compared. Results demonstrated that Team and Traditional patients fared similarly in survival. However there was an unexpected difference in survival depending upon sex. For motor performance, male survivors performed better with Team care and female survivors with the Traditional method. In terms of functional abilities, male patients receiving Team care again performed better than their Traditional counterparts, whereas in women there was no difference between the treatment groups.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association