CT-CBF correlations of cognitive deficits in multi-infarct dementia.
Fifteen right-handed patients with Multi-Infarct Dementia underwent cognitive testing by the Jacobs Mini-Mental Scale (MMQ), and xenon contrast CT scanning. Local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) and local partition coefficient (L lambda) values were measured by stable xenon contrast CT scanning and potential methodological errors were discussed. Reduced values were graded: 0 = normal, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate, 3 = severe. Graded values were pooled and plotted on composite brain maps to display locations of abnormal L lambda and LCBF values. Topographic brain maps, showing most frequent locations of reduced L lambda values, confirmed the common anatomical locations of multiple cerebral infarcts to be distributed in both thalami, temporal lobes, basal ganglia, left internal capsule and right cingulate cortex. Gray matter flow values were reduced in similar cortical and subcortical regions. There were no correlations between MMQ scores and reduced LCBF values for caudate and lenticular nuclei. Direct and statistically significant correlations were found between reduced MMQ scores and mean LCBF values for left or right frontal cortex, left or right temporal cortex and left or right thalamus. Subgrouping MMQ tests according to functions assessed, indicated that left mid-temporal ischemia correlated with dyscalculia and memory disturbances while ischemia of both frontal lobes correlated with disorientation to time and place.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association