The practice of carotid endarterectomy in a large metropolitan area.
All carotid endarterectomies performed in the greater Cincinnati metropolitan area during 1980 were reviewed. For the 431 procedures performed in 16 hospitals, the operative stroke rate was 8.6% (37 of 431), and the operative mortality rate was 2.8% (12 of 431). The combined morbidity and mortality was 9.5% (41 of 431). Fifty percent of the procedures were done for asymptomatic carotid disease (216 of 431) and 50% were done for symptomatic carotid disease (215 of 431). The stroke rate was 5.6% for the asymptomatic patients and 11.6% for the symptomatic patients (difference significant, p less than 0.05). Neurosurgeons and vascular surgeons had similar surgical morbidity. All of the operative strokes involved the hemisphere ipsilateral to the endarterectomy. Fifty-seven percent of the operative strokes (21 of 37) occurred after a neurologically intact interval lasting hours to days. Four occurred following combined endarterectomy-coronary bypass surgery, and one was an intracerebral hemorrhage. The other late strokes (17) occurred without evidence for cardiac embolus or hemorrhage, consistent with a thrombogenic-embologenic operative site, and raising the question of need for adjunctive perioperative medical therapy.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association