Effects of low dose aspirin on platelet function in patients with recent cerebral ischemia.
We tested the antiplatelet effects of low-dose aspirin in patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease, because conventional dosage aspirin inhibits vascular synthesis of prostacyclin at the same time that it inhibits platelets. The effects on platelet function and thromboxane A2 synthesis of 40 mg of aspirin daily or 40 mg aspirin plus dipyridamole were measured in 23 patients starting within a week after the onset of cerebral ischemia. All patients had normal baseline platelet aggregation responses to four stimuli: arachidonate, epinephrine, adenosine diphosphate and collagen. The generation of thromboxane A2 by platelets, measured as serum thromboxane B2, was also normal. After 3 to 7 days of low dose aspirin therapy, platelet aggregation responses were suppressed to the extent observed with higher dosage aspirin. Serotonin release during platelet aggregation was inhibited by more than 95% and thromboxane B2 levels in clotted blood fell by more than 95%. Responses to aspirin treatment were similar in patients with transient ischemic attacks and in those with stroke and were also similar in both sexes. No differences in platelet responses were observed between patients receiving aspirin alone and aspirin plus dipyridamole. Thus 40 mg aspirin daily inhibited platelet responses as effectively as higher doses of aspirin in patients who had recent cerebral ischemia and showed a cumulative antiplatelet effect.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association