Effect of small deep hemispheric infarction on the ipsilateral cortical blood flow in man.
The effect of small, deep ischemic lesions on the ipsilateral cortical circulation was investigated in 10 patients with persistent mild or moderate neurological deficits due to infarcts in the internal capsule. rCBF studies by the 133Xe intracarotid injection method were performed 14-180 days after the onset of the infarction. The rCBF functional image was made up from the data of 133Xe dynamic images measured by an Anger-type gamma camera and the rCBF values were calculated by the initial slope method. The average value of mean rCBFs (mCBF) in 10 patients was 44.9 +/- 7.1 ml/100g/min (average PaCO2; 39.9 +/- 4.3 mm Hg). In the rCBF functional images, a focal hypoperfusion area was observed in all cases and localized around the central sulcus, especially in the precentral and central areas. Significant decreases of mCBF and the tendency to decrease of the rCBFs in the hypoperfusion focus were noted in the patients with the larger infarcts in comparison with those with the smaller ones. These results suggest that a small, deep ischemic lesion such as a capsular infarct may have remote effects on the ipsilateral cortical circulation, due probably to the damage of a number of fibers passing through the lesion.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association