Long-term assessment of cerebral perfusion following STA-MCA by-pass in patients.
A prospective study of mean hemispheric cerebral blood flow (CBF) correlated with clinical status has now been completed for the past 54 months. Thirty-eight patients underwent superficial temporal to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) by-pass. They were compared with 22 patients with similar arteriographic lesions and clinical symptoms, treated medically throughout the same interval of time. Assignment to either treatment group was not randomized but depended solely on choice of patient or treating physician. Both groups were matched for age, clinical symptoms, angiographic abnormalities, and CBF values. All patients had proximal occlusion of one internal carotid artery or intracranial occlusive disease of the internal carotid or middle cerebral arteries. CBF measurements and clinical evaluations were repeated at regular intervals up to 54 months following surgery or institution of medical treatment. Mean follow up interval after STA-MCA by-pass was 28.7 months and for medical treatment was 29.7 months. Mean hemispheric CBF values for STA-MCA patients became significantly increased 2 weeks after operation. After that, CBF flow values decreased. At 24 months after surgery, flow values for surgically treated patients were significantly higher than among those treated medically, although there were no differences in flow values between the two groups at 3, 6, 12, 36 and 48 months. Prospective clinical evaluations after STA-MCA by-pass were as follows: 12 (32%) improved with cessation of TIAs and/or neurological improvement, 16 (42%) remained unchanged, 7 (18%) deteriorated (due to new or recurrent strokes) and 3 (8%) expired. Clinical results were the same for medical treatment: 6 (27%) improved, 10 (46%) unchanged, 4 (18%) deteriorated due to new or recurrent stroke, and 2 (9%) expired.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association