The morphometry of consecutive segments in cerebral arteries of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats.
The media cross-sectional area, the media thickness, the internal radius and the ratio between media thickness and internal radius were determined in consecutive sections of extraparenchymal cerebral arteries of 7- and 12-month-old normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats. The study included intracranial pial and basal arteries as well as extracranial cervical arteries. In the chronically hypertensive rats the media to radius ratio was consistently higher than in normotensive rats over the entire calibre spectrum investigated (radius 5-400 micron). The increase of the ratio in the extracranial arteries of the hypertensive rats was exclusively due to a thicker media. In the basal intracranial arteries the increase of ratio was due to a thicker media and/or a smaller internal radius in 7- and 12-month-old rats with moderate hypertension (mean arterial pressure, MAP 171 +/- 8 and 177 +/- 7 mm Hg respectively). In 7-month-old rats with severe hypertension (MAP 204 +/- 11 mm Hg) the increase of ratio was mainly due to a smaller internal radius. The observed structural alterations are likely to be of hemodynamic importance.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association