Limb shaking--a carotid TIA.
Eight patients are described with an unusual form of carotid transient ischemic attack, limb shaking. The basic features included a brief, involuntary, coarse, irregular, wavering movement or tremble involving arm-hand alone, or arm-hand and leg together. In 2 patients limb shaking was the initial manifestation of carotid occlusive disease, and all but one patient had other typical carotid transient ischemic attacks. Major atheromatous carotid occlusive disease was present in all patients on the side opposite the limb movements. Four patients had bilateral carotid occlusive disease. Cerebral ischemia from a carotid territory low-perfusion state may be the pathogenesis of these limb movements, an idea supported by the apparent benefit of surgical revascularization in abolishing or reducing the limb shaking in 6 patients. There was no clinical or EEG evidence to document an epileptiform etiology. Recognition of this uncommon form of carotid transient ischemic attack may be important in the early diagnosis and treatment of carotid occlusive disease.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association