Chronological changes in spontaneous intracerebral hematoma--an experimental and clinical study.
A model of intracerebral hematoma that closely resembles the state in humans after spontaneous intracerebral hematoma was developed. Sequential changes in experimental intracerebral hematomas were compared with the in vivo findings in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. The clinical series consisted of 28 patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage observed by CT during their natural course from 1976 through 1978. The experimental series consisted of 26 adult mongrel dogs with intracerebral hematoma near the basal ganglia studied by CT and histological examinations. In neither the clinical nor the experimental series was the time of decrease in density beginning in the periphery of the hematoma or the first appearance of ring enhancement and its concentric concentration toward the center of the hematoma affected by the size of the hematoma. In the experimental series, the tissue reaction near the periphery of the intracerebral hematoma showed constant processes: First, a necrotic layer appeared; this was then replaced by immature connective tissue with newly formed vessels and argentophilic fibers, and finally the immature layer was gradually transformed into mature connective tissue with collagenous fibers. Ring enhancement was accompanied by the appearance of immature connective tissue and capillaries. This process of change was also unrelated to the size of the hematoma. The following correlations were suggested from the chronological observation of CT images and the histological appearance: 1) acute stage - homogeneous high density extending to the periphery, appearance of the necrotic layer; 2) subacute stage - decreased density spreading from the periphery and formation of ring enhancement, appearance of immature connective tissue with argentophilic fibers; 3) chronic stage - concentric concentration of ring enhancement and development of mature connective tissue with collagenous fibers.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association