A new approach to antithrombotic therapy--evaluation of combined therapy of thromboxane synthetase inhibitor and very low dose of aspirin.
The effect of a selective thromboxane (TX) synthetase inhibitor (OKY-046), alone and in combination with a very low dose of aspirin, on the platelet function was studied in healthy and diseased subjects. A single dose of 100 mg OKY-046 was orally administered to patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and healthy volunteers. TXB2 generation and platelet aggregation were measured before and at 1, 4, 6 and 8hr after dosing. In addition, after the administration of a very low dose of aspirin (0.1-0.25 mg/kg/day) for at least one month, a single dose of OKY-046 was given to CVD patients. TXB2 generation and platelet aggregation were measured in the same manner as OKY-046 alone. The effect of OKY-046 on platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (AA) was different in each subject whereas platelet TXB2 generation was almost completely inhibited in all of the patients and healthy volunteers. OKY-046 had a slight inhibitory effect on collagen induced aggregation. A combination of OKY-046 with a very low dose of aspirin, on the other hand, produced additional inhibition of the platelet aggregation induced by both AA and collagen. The present results suggest that the accumulation and metabolism of cyclooxygenase products that accumulate when TX synthetase is blocked, differ in each subject, additional inhibition is caused by the combined use of TX synthetase inhibitor and a very low dose of aspirin because the very low dose of aspirin partially reduces the proaggregatory cyclooxygenase products that accumulate when TX synthetase is blocked.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association