Perforating branches of the middle cerebral artery. Microanatomy and clinical significance of their intracerebral segments.
Perforating branches of the middle cerebral arteries (MCA) were examined on the forebrain hemispheres of fourteen human brains. It was noticed that their intracerebral segments arose from the MCA main trunk, and its terminal and collateral (cortical) branches. They terminated in certain parts of the basal ganglia and internal capsule. The course, direction, shape, diameters and branches of these segments were examined in detail. Classification of all the vessels was made according to caliber. It was concluded that the size of lacunar infarcts depends on the caliber and ramification zone extent of the occluded perforating vessels. Diameters of the intracerebral segments of vessels ranged from 80 to 840 microns, of their terminal branches from 80 to 780 microns, and of the collateral branches from 50 to 400 microns. The average size of the ramification zone was: 41.6 X 15.5 mm for the entire perforating artery; 37.9 X 15.5 mm for the intracerebral segment; 23 X 13 mm for the terminal branches; 8.9 X 5.5 mm for larger collateral branches; and 2.6 X 1.4 mm for the smallest branches.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association