Detection of mitral valve abnormalities by carotid Doppler flow study: implications for the management of patients with cerebrovascular disease.
Patients with symptoms of cerebral ischemia are often evaluated with non-invasive carotid artery testing. An abnormal carotid Doppler ultrasound frequency shift pattern of early systolic flutter (ESF) was demonstrated by auscultation and velocity wave form analysis in patients with normal carotid bifurcations. Ten of these patients were studied with echocardiography (echo) and eight had mitral valve prolapse (MVP). To evaluate the association between ESF and MVP, a prospective blinded study was performed, recording carotid Doppler frequency shift in 50 patients referred for routine echocardiography. A total of 18 patients had ESF: 9/12 patients with MVP by echocardiography had ESF. Nine additional patients without MVP had ESF (two with mitral regurgitation and two with redundant mitral valves). The association of ESF with MVP was significant (p less than 0.001). The findings of ESF with a normal carotid artery by non-invasive testing suggests a possible mitral valve origin for symptoms of cerebrovascular disease.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association