Regional differences in stroke mortality and alcohol consumption in Japan.
The relationship between alcohol consumption and stroke mortality in 1975 in 46 prefectures of Japan was investigated. This was done by adjusting salt intake and several socio-economic factors, i.e., the annual per capita income, the number of persons who received public aid, the number of tatamis (a Japanese traditional floor unit) per household, the unemployment rate, and the unmarried or divorce rate, using a stepwise multiple regression analysis. As dependent variables, the sex-specific and age-adjusted mortality for the middle-aged (35-59 years) and for all ages due to stroke were used. For men, alcohol consumption was significantly related to age-adjusted stroke mortalities for the middle-aged and for all ages independent of salt intake and several socio-economic factors. Alcohol consumption was more strongly related to age-adjusted stroke mortality for the middle-aged than for all ages. For women alcohol was weakly correlated with the stroke mortality of the middle-aged. Salt intake was significantly correlated with stroke mortality for women but not for men. Furthermore, the male: female ratios of the age-adjusted stroke mortality for the middle aged and for all ages were analyzed as well, because alcohol is mostly consumed by men in Japan, and it was expected that the sex ratios would be well correlated to alcohol consumption. The results were as expected. Therefore, it was suggested that the regional difference in stroke mortality in Japan may be explained in part by that of alcohol consumption.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association