Changes in cerebral blood flow and recovery from acute stroke.
We prospectively studied 14 patients with acute cerebral infarctions using serial 133Xenon inhalation cerebral determination (133Xe-rCBF), scored neurological examinations, and neuropsychological testing. All patients underwent the same battery of tests at 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks after cerebral infarction to determine the prognostic value of early rCBF studies and the chronological relationship of changes in rCBF to clinical status. Baseline rCBF within 3 days of symptoms of acute stroke did not correlate with clinical neurological outcome (r = -0.17, p less than 0.30; r = -0.18, p less than 0.28, for the two indices of rCBF used). Among the 11 patients demonstrating neurological recovery, 7 improved at 1 week, significantly before increases in rCBF (p less than 0.05). We conclude that early baseline rCBF does not predict clinical outcome in patients with acute cerebral infarctions and that return of neurological function precedes rather than follows increases in rCBF.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association