Cerebral blood flow and tissue metabolism in experimental cerebral ischemia of spontaneously hypertensive rats with hyper-, normo-, and hypoglycemia.
The present study was designed to clarify the effect of blood glucose level on cerebral blood flow and metabolism during and after acute cerebral ischemia induced by bilateral carotid ligation (BCL) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Blood glucose levels were varied by intraperitoneal infusion of 50% of glucose (hyperglycemia), insulin with hypertonic saline (hypoglycemia) or hypertonic saline (normoglycemia). Cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the parietal cortex and thalamus was measured by hydrogen clearance technique, and the supratentorial metabolites of the brain frozen in situ were determined by the enzymatic method. In non-ischemic animals, blood glucose levels had no influence on the supratentorial lactate, pyruvate or adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations. In ischemic animals, however, cortical CBF was reduced to less than 1% of the resting value at 3 hours after BCL. However, there were no substantial differences of CBF during and after ischemia among 3 glycemic groups. Cerebral lactate in the ischemic brain greatly increased in hyperglycemia (34.97 +/- 1.29 mmol/kg), moderately in normoglycemia (23.43 +/- 3.13 mmol/kg) and less in hypoglycemia (7.20 +/- 1.54 mmol/kg). In contrast, cerebral ATP decreased in hyperglycemia (0.93 +/- 0.19 mmol/kg) as much as it did in normoglycemia (1.04 +/- 0.25 mmol/kg), while ATP reduction was much greater in hypoglycemia (0.45 +/- 0.05 mmol/kg). At 1-hour recirculation after 3-hour ischemia, ATP tended to increase in all groups of animals, indicating the recovery of energy metabolism. Such metabolic recovery after recirculation was good in hypo- and normoglycemia, and was also evident in hyperglycemia. Our results suggest that hyperglycemia is not necessarily an unfavorable condition in acute incomplete cerebral ischemia.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association