Primary intraventricular hemorrhage in adults.
Five adults with primary intraventricular hemorrhage are described. The presenting features included headache, confusion and drowsiness. Focal neurological signs were minimal or absent. All five had a history of hypertension, three patients had bilateral internal carotid occlusion at its origin, one had unilateral occlusion of the left internal carotid artery with severe stenosis of the contralateral siphon. Unilateral occlusion of the middle cerebral artery were present in the fifth patient. Pathological examination of the brain from one patient showed the presence of severe hemorrhagic "lacunar" infarcts adjacent to the left lateral ventricle, one showing direct continuity of blood in the lacune with the massive intraventricular hematoma. We hypothesize that such a finding illustrates one possible mechanism for this unusual type of hemorrhage. Patients with longstanding hypertension and severe occlusive disease of the internal carotid arteries may be predisposed to this unusual complication.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association