Regional cerebral blood flow autoregulation in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats--effects of sympathetic denervation.
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of acute sympathetic denervation on the regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation during acute elevation of blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). CBF to the parietal cortex and thalamus was measured by the hydrogen clearance method and, to test autoregulation, systemic arterial blood pressure was elevated by intravenous infusion of phenylephrine. Superior cervical ganglia were removed on both sides to interrupt sympathetic innervation in the deeper structures of the brain. Acute bilateral sympathetic denervation did not alter the resting blood pressure or CBF in either SHR or WKY. In innervated SHR, resting mean arterial pressure (MAP) was 165 +/- 5 mm Hg (mean +/- SEM) and the upper limit of autoregulation in the cortex was 210 +/- 3 mm Hg, which was significantly lower than that in the thalamus (229 +/- 3 mm Hg, p less than 0.02). In bilaterally denervated SHR, the upper limits were lowered to 193 +/- 4 mm Hg in the cortex (p less than 0.02 vs. innervated SHR) and to 207 +/- 5 mm Hg in the thalamus (p less than 0.02 vs. innervated). In WKY, resting MAP was approximately 55 mm Hg lower than that in SHR. Acute denervation reduced the upper limits from 142 +/- 3 mm Hg to 130 +/- 4 in the cortex (p less than 0.05) and from 158 +/- 4 to 145 +/- 4 in the thalamus (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association