Cerebral glucose metabolism during the recovery period after ischemia--its relationship to NADH-fluorescence, blood flow, EcoG and histology.
Local cerebral glucose utilization (lCMRgl), NADH fluorescence, cerebral blood flow (CBF), electrocortical activity (ECoG) and histology were studied during a 4 hr recovery period following 2 hrs of left middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in cats. Changes in relative reduced pyridine nucleotides and CBF were measured by fluororeflectometry, ECoG was obtained from the left middle ectosylvian gyrus (MEG), and lCMRgl was measured at the end of the recovery period autoradiographically with 14-C-2-deoxyglucose. A sham group was comprised of 4 cats. The ten animals subjected to the stroke were classified into 3 groups based on the mean amplitude of the ECoG at the end of the ischemic period. At the end of the recovery period, the relative reduced pyridine nucleotides showed a 22.5% oxidation (oxidation of NADH), a 66.2% reduction (reduction of NAD) and a 3.0% reduction compared to the sham group in the severe, moderate and mild groups, respectively. LCMRgl of the left MEG in the severe group was 64.2% of the corresponding sham value, whereas lCMRgl in the moderate and mild groups were 124.8% and 132.0% of the sham, respectively. CBF at the end of the recovery period ranged from 28.1% to 83.0% of the sham value, although there was no significant difference among these groups. Histologically, a large portion of the neurons in the left MEG in the severe group showed ischemic neuronal changes, while the damage was less severe in the moderate and mild groups. On the basis of these data, it is suggested that a relative substrate deficiency and/or a loss of mitochondrial enzymatic pool size may occur in the animals comprizing the severe group. Conversely, anaerobic glycolysis may be activated in the moderate group, while the mild group exhibits an increase in glucose metabolism that is most likely aerobic. A gradient in the magnitude of changes in lCMRgl was noted from the central MCA territory to the surrounding brain regions in the ischemic hemisphere. In addition, there was a mild, but statistically significant (p less than 0.05), depression in lCMRgl with no histological damage in the non-ischemic hemisphere of the severe group.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association