Effect of allopurinol on ischemia and reperfusion-induced cerebral injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
In spontaneously hypertensive rats, we studied the participation of xanthine oxidase-linked free radical in ischemia and reperfusion-induced cerebral injury, using allopurinol, a xanthine oxidase inhibitor. The loss of righting reflex was noted in some animals after a 4 hour occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries and 19 of 25 animals died within 72 hours after reperfusion. One hour after reperfusion, the cerebral water content increased significantly, with an increase in sodium content and a decrease in potassium content. In 7 animals treated with oral administrations of allopurinol (200 mg/kg) 24 hours and 1 hour before occlusion, no death was found either during occlusion or after reperfusion, and the loss of righting reflex was noted in only one animal 24-72 hours following reperfusion. The increase in cerebral water content and accompanied changes in electrolyte contents were clearly prevented by allopurinol. These results suggest the possibility that the production of xanthine oxidase-linked free radical participates in cerebral injury due to ischemia and reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association