Plasma 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol and homovanillic acid concentrations in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.
To ask if the determination of central-nervous-system-derived catecholamine metabolites in peripheral circulation could be a useful index of brain dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol and homovanillic acid concentrations in plasma, together with those of free catecholamines (noradrenaline, adrenaline, and dopamine), were serially measured for up to 3 weeks after the initiation of symptoms in 23 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage as compared to 17 healthy and 9 patient controls. Catecholamines and their metabolites were determined by using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Plasma 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol concentrations were markedly elevated in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with coma compared to those without, and the maximal concentrations observed in comatose patients never occurred in normal subjects or in patients with other neurological disorders. The mean maximal plasma concentrations of free catecholamines did not differ significantly between the comatose and noncomatose groups. Combining 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol with homovanillic acid level data more clearly discriminated between the comatose and noncomatose subarachnoid hemorrhage groups. The results suggest that plasma concentration of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol, a major metabolite of brain noradrenaline, can be a prognostic discriminator for patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and its discriminating power can be strengthened by combining it with homovanillic acid data.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association