Evaluation of brain dysfunction in hypertensive putaminal hemorrhage with multimodality evoked potentials.
Changes in multimodality evoked potentials (MEP's), consisting of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP's), visual evoked potentials (VEP's), and auditory evoked brainstem responses (AEBR's), were studied in 36 patients with hypertensive putaminal hemorrhage to ascertain the relation among areas and distribution of brain dysfunction, the size of hemorrhage on computerized tomographic scan, and the clinical outcome. Among MEP's, SEP's were most significantly involved in all patients. Abnormalities in VEP's and AEBR's remained mild or moderate when the hemorrhage did not extend to the diencephalon. If SEP's were normal or mildly abnormal, they improved early the ictus. These patients did well clinically. If SEP's were absent, the patients had poor outcome even when the hemorrhage was small and located outside the internal capsule. In contrast, deterioration or persistence of MEP's indicated secondary insult to the brain and poor patient outcome. Early and serial MEP studies are useful in evaluating primary and secondary brain dysfunction and in predicting patient outcome in hypertensive putaminal hemorrhage.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association