Cerebral blood flows and tissue oxygen levels associated with maintenance of the somatosensory evoked potential and cortical neuronal activity in focal ischemia.
The middle cerebral artery was occluded in 18 cats to evaluate the physiological consequences of cerebral blood flow reductions on the somatosensory evoked potential, spontaneous neuronal activity, and oxygen availability in the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres. In the ipsilateral ectosylvian gyrus high-grade ischemia was produced as blood flow in the gray matter was reduced from 52.1 +/- 8.6 (mean +/- SE) to 13.3 +/- 9.0 ml/100 g/min and in the white matter from 33.8 +/- 5.6 to 6.1 +/- 6.4 ml/100 g/min. This significant reduction (p less than 0.05) was associated with abolition of the cortical component of the somatosensory evoked potentials. In all animals occlusion resulted in a predictable extended latency change and a variable amplitude response of the cortical component of the contralaterally recorded somatosensory evoked potentials. In 5 animals, oxygen availability was measured and spontaneous neuronal activity in the contralateral hemisphere was recorded. Volume expansion and hemodilution with either dextran or saline infusions elevated cerebral blood flow in the contralateral gray matter significantly (p less than 0.05) compared with the control and clip values. Ipsilateral spontaneous activity stopped within 4-12 minutes of occlusion, while contralateral spike activity persisted at rates at least equal to those recorded immediately following occlusion.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association