Beagle pup model of perinatal asphyxia: nimodipine studies.
Calcium antagonists may be of significant benefit in the pharmacotherapy of cerebral ischemia, possibly by improving postischemic cerebral blood flow (CBF). This study evaluated the effects of the calcium antagonist nimodipine on CBF in a newborn beagle pup model of perinatal asphyxia lasting 5 minutes. Immediately after the asphyxial episode, nimodipine (2 micrograms/kg/min) or saline was infused for 10 minutes, following which [14C]iodoantipyrine determinations of CBF were performed. In noninsulted pups, nimodipine caused both significant decreases in CBF to cortical and deep gray structures as well as a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) (p less than 0.05). In insulted pups, nimodipine similarly decreased MABP (p less than 0.001) and CBF to cortical and deep gray matter regions. Nimodipine appeared to have no effect on arterial blood gases and EEG tracings in either insulted or noninsulted pups. Although nimodipine may be shown to improve neurologic outcome in asphyxiated newborn infants, the limits of this study do not show the mechanism to be that of improving CBF.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association