Transient cerebral ischemic attacks in a Japanese community, Hisayama, Japan.
During a 20-year follow-up of 1,621 men and women aged 40 and over in Hisayama, Japan, 18 were found to have suffered transient cerebral ischemic attacks (TIAs) determined by clinical symptoms based on criteria proposed by the US Joint Committee for Stroke Facilities. The average annual incidence rate for the first TIA was 0.56 per 1,000 residents. Age and high blood pressure were strong determinants of TIAs for men. Nine of the 18 cases with TIAs (50%) subsequently developed cerebral infarction, an incidence significantly higher than that in the 1,603 subjects without TIAs (10.9%). Lacunar infarcts were most commonly found on pathologic examination of patients with TIAs who had had a subsequent stroke.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association