Evaluation of cerebrovascular disease by combined extracranial and transcranial Doppler sonography. Experience in 1,039 patients.
Results from 1,039 combined cervical and transcranial Doppler examinations are reported. Satisfactory transcranial signals were not found in 2.7% of the cases. Compared with angiography, the accuracy of transcranial criteria in assessing collateral flow over the circle of Willis was 94 and 88% for anterior and posterior circulation, respectively. The method also appeared very promising for detection of lesions of the intracranial arteries although the number of such cases with angiographic verification was limited in the present series. Arterial narrowing due to cerebral vasospasm was diagnosed with a sensitivity of 80%. In patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms, an incidence of 93% arterial narrowing in basal cerebral arteries was found. Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and no aneurysm on angiography also showed arterial narrowing with an incidence of 56%. It was possible to monitor the time course and severity of cerebral vasospasm. Arteriovenous malformations were characterized by Doppler findings of high velocities and low pulsatilities. These lesions were diagnosed with an accuracy of 95%.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association