Carotid restenosis: long-term noninvasive follow-up after carotid endarterectomy.
Recurrent stenosis has not been a primary consideration in the selection of patients for carotid endarterectomy. We have studied the incidence of postoperative restenosis retrospectively in 265 patients following 310 carotid endarterectomies. Two hundred fourteen patients (248 endarterectomies) were examined at 6-12 month intervals using ocular pneumoplethysmography, spectral analysis, and B-mode imaging. The absolute incidence of recurrent carotid disease was 28% (69 of 248), with a 13% (33 of 248) incidence of hemodynamically significant restenosis and a 15% (36 of 248) incidence of hemodynamically insignificant disease. Life table analysis of the data projected a 32% incidence of hemodynamically significant restenosis after 7 years and a 40% incidence of hemodynamically insignificant recurrence. These data demonstrate a progressively increasing rate of restenosis. The incidence of ipsilateral neurologic events was 8% (24 of 310); 12 occurred in association with noninvasively evident recurrent disease (12 of 69, 17%), whereas 11 occurred in noninvasively determined normal arteries (11 of 179, 6%). Noninvasive follow-up was not available in 1 patient. Of the 12 events associated with recurrent disease, 5 occurred in association with hemodynamically significant restenosis (5 of 33, 15%), whereas 7 occurred in association with hemodynamically insignificant disease (7 of 36, 19%). Carotid endarterectomy is a durable operative procedure with 92% (286 of 310) of arteries remaining asymptomatic over the period of clinical follow-up. However, absolute and life table projections of the incidence of asymptomatic restenosis are high, and this factor should be considered in the selection of patients for carotid endarterectomy, particularly in the absence of lateralizing symptoms.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association