Prediction of delayed cerebral ischemia, rebleeding, and outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Using logistic regression, we analyzed the predictive value of a number of entry variables with respect to the outcome variables delayed cerebral ischemia, rebleeding, and poor outcome (death or severe disability) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The entry variables were clinical condition on admission (grades on the Glasgow Coma Scale, Hunt and Hess system), the amount of subarachnoid and intraventricular blood and the presence of hydrocephalus on the admission computed tomogram, and antifibrinolytic treatment with tranexamic acid. We used data from a prospectively studied population of 176 patients admitted within 72 hours after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The risk of delayed cerebral ischemia was best predicted by the amount of subarachnoid blood, intraventricular blood, and antifibrinolytic treatment irrespective of clinical condition and hydrocephalus. The site of delayed cerebral ischemia was not related to the location of the subarachnoid hemorrhage. Antifibrinolytic treatment was the only entry variable (negatively) predicting the risk of rebleeding. Death or severe disability after 3 months was best predicted by the amount of subarachnoid blood and the initial clinical condition reflected by the grade on the Glasgow Coma Scale.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association