Effect of mild hyperthermia on recovery of metabolic function after global cerebral ischemia in cats.
We investigated the effect of mild whole-body hyperthermia before and after 16 minutes of global cerebral ischemia on metabolic recovery during recirculation in cats using in vivo phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Hyperthermia (temperature 40.6 +/- 0.2 degrees C) was induced greater than or equal to 1 hour before ischemia and was maintained during 1.5-2 hours of recirculation in nine cats; four cats were subjected to hyperthermia without cerebral ischemia, six to hyperthermia during recirculation (after return of intracellular pH to preischemic values), and 14 to normothermic ischemia and recirculation. Our data indicate that preischemic hyperthermia results in an intracellular cerebral pH during recirculation significantly lower than that in normothermic cats. In hyperthermic cats beta-ATP and phosphocreatine (PCr) concentrations and the ratio of PCr to inorganic phosphate failed to return to preischemic levels during recirculation in contrast to normothermic cats. Hyperthermia without ischemia and hyperthermia during recirculation had no significant effect on intracellular pH. Thus, preischemic hyperthermia has a detrimental effect on metabolic recovery after transient global cerebral ischemia.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association