Relation between blood lipids, lipoproteins, and cerebrovascular atherosclerosis. A review.
Although blood lipids and lipoproteins are strongly related to coronary atherosclerosis, their association with cerebrovascular atherosclerosis is less clear. A review of more than 20 publications in which a relation was sought between plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and cerebrovascular atherosclerosis leads to the general conclusion that such a relation exists and that it is stronger in older than in younger individuals. A relation was found between blood lipids and/or lipoproteins and the extent and/or severity of cerebrovascular atherosclerosis in all but three of 26 reviewed studies. However, the specific nature of the relation is obscure because the various studies cannot easily be compared with one another. Interstudy variations in lipoprotein fraction analyzed, methodology for the analysis of lipids and lipoproteins, arterial segment examined, population sampled, control selection in case-control studies, statistical analytic approach taken, and methodology for the assessment of arterial disease preclude pooled analyses. There is a clear need for further evaluation of this relation using standardized and up-to-date methodologies both for analyses of lipids and lipoproteins and for assessment of cerebrovascular disease in symptom-free volunteers as well as in symptomatic patients.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association