Strong attenuation of ischemic and postischemic brain edema in rats by a novel free radical scavenger.
Regional changes in the amount of free fatty acids, polyphosphoinositides, and water content in the cerebral cortex were examined using a middle cerebral artery occlusion model of rats. The amount of various free fatty acids increased as polyphosphoinositides decreased during 3 and 6 hours of ischemia in the occluded middle cerebral artery territory. After 3 hours of reperfusion following 3 hours of ischemia, free fatty acids partially recovered while polyphosphoinositides did not. Water content increased significantly after 3 and 6 hours of ischemia, and a further increase was found after 3 hours of reperfusion following 3 hours of ischemia. The change of polyenoic fatty acids in this occluded middle cerebral artery territory was much smaller than that in the case of decapitation ischemia, although the amounts of polyphosphoinositides and monoenoic and saturated fatty acids showed almost identical changes in both cases, probably because polyenoic fatty acids may be washed out and/or peroxidatively consumed in the middle cerebral artery occlusion model due to its residual blood flow. Changes in the area surrounding the occluded middle cerebral artery territory were similar to the above results, although less dramatic. However, there was no change in free fatty acids, polyphosphoinositides, and water content in the contralateral cortex. A novel free radical scavenger (MCI-186), which prevents both nonenzymatic peroxidation and lipoxygenase activity in vitro, markedly attenuated the ischemic and postischemic brain swelling. These results suggest that free radical mechanisms may be involved in ischemic and postischemic brain edema.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association