Prediction of stroke before and after unilateral occlusion of the common carotid artery in gerbils.
A method was developed to predict the severity of cerebral ischemia before permanent occlusion of a common carotid artery in gerbils by observing the diameter and appearance of the artery after temporary occlusion and observing clinical signs after permanent occlusion. The severity of cerebral ischemia was confirmed by a sensitive immunohistochemical method and measurement of focal cerebral blood flow after 30 minutes' ischemia. All gerbils with greater than 40% reduction of the diameter and a white arterial margin distal to temporary occlusion developed severe neurologic signs following permanent occlusion, but no gerbils with reduction of less than 30% and a red arterial margin developed neurologic signs. With the cumulative neurologic score, gerbils could be divided into classes with no, mild, moderate, and severe symptoms, mostly after 10 minutes. Severely symptomatic gerbils were identified in 3 minutes. Extensive ischemic damage was observed in severely symptomatic gerbils, but no immunohistochemical lesion was detected in mildly symptomatic gerbils. Cerebral blood flow was markedly reduced in severely symptomatic gerbils but more selectively reduced in the cortical structures of moderately symptomatic gerbils. This prediction method is useful for investigating early cerebral ischemia and for evaluating the effectiveness of pharmacologic agents.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association