Correlation of continuous-wave Doppler spectral flow analysis with gross pathology in carotid stenosis.
Preoperative continuous-wave Doppler spectral analysis was used to generate two parameters, peak frequency in the internal carotid artery (fmax) and the ratio of peak frequencies in the internal and common carotid arteries (carotid index). These were compared with direct measurement of residual lumen diameter in pathologic specimens obtained from carotid endarterectomy in 37 patients. Doppler shift frequency parameters were well correlated with residual lumen diameter when the latter was at least 1 mm. Residual lumens of less than or equal to 2 mm were found to have an fmax of greater than 7.5 kHz and a carotid index of greater than 3.8. If fmax was greater than 14 kHz or the carotid index was greater than 7, the residual lumen diameter was nearly always less than or equal to 1 mm. Thus, the severity of the stenosis correlated directly with Doppler shift frequencies. The length of stenoses did not affect the correlations.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association