Metabolic changes during experimental cerebral ischemia in hyperglycemic rats, observed by 31P and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Progressive cerebral ischemia was induced in seven anesthetized hyperglycemic rats by carotid artery ligation and hemorrhagic hypotension. Phosphorus metabolites, intracellular pH, and lactate in the brain were monitored by 31P and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Under conditions in which blood flow was low, phosphocreatine (PCr) concentration and intracellular pH decreased and the concentration of lactate increased. The decrease in ATP was approximately one-third that of PCr until only 25% PCr remained, after which ATP was lost more rapidly than PCr. These changes were interpreted in terms of three regions observed by the magnetic resonance coil, one of complete ischemia, one of partial ischemia, and one of perfusion sufficient to maintain normal metabolite levels. The extent of the three regions was estimated quantitatively. Broadening and splitting of the inorganic phosphorus (Pi) peak into two components provided further evidence of distinct populations of cells, one very acidic and another less so. Apparent intracellular buffering capacity was calculated as 23.6 +/- 1.3 mumol lactate/g wet wt/pH.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association