Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography during cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with severe carotid stenosis or occlusion.
Blood flow velocity of the middle cerebral artery was monitored during cardiopulmonary bypass procedures by means of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Our investigation was carried out in a group of 16 patients with severe carotid stenosis or occlusion and in a control group of 42 patients with no or stenosis of less than 50% local diameter reduction. After onset of cardiopulmonary bypass, both groups showed a short unstable phase followed by increased blood flow velocity (10% increase ipsilateral to the obstruction, 27% increase in the control group). Just before rewarming, blood flow velocity was still comparable to (control group -3%) or higher than (ipsilateral to obstructions +14%) prebypass values. Analysis of three patients with postoperative diffuse encephalopathy did not reveal reduced blood flow during cardiopulmonary bypass as a relevant factor. Two of the three showed luxury perfusion. Reduced perfusion due to carotid obstruction was not observed during cardiopulmonary bypass and therefore cannot be considered a significant risk factor for the development of intraoperative stroke.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association