Neuron-specific enolase is a marker of cerebral ischemia and infarct size in rat cerebrospinal fluid.
Neuron-specific enolase concentrations were measured in samples of rat cerebrospinal fluid obtained repeatedly before and after occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. A method for reliable, repeated sampling of cisternal cerebrospinal fluid was developed for this purpose. Occlusion of the middle cerebral artery induced cerebral infarcts of slightly variable size with good correlation to raised neuron-specific enolase concentrations. Sham operation caused only superficial cortical damage at the site of surgery and was followed by an early, slight, and transient increase in neuron-specific enolase concentration. With our technique, the development of cerebral infarcts can be studied in individual rats under experimentally controlled conditions over an extended period of time. Analysis of neuron-specific enolase can be used in trials of drugs for mitigating the effect of ischemia. Information concerning the release of neuron-specific enolase from ischemic cerebral tissue to the cerebrospinal fluid is important because neuron-specific enolase in the cerebrospinal fluid can be determined in patients suffering from cerebrovascular insult.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association